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04 From this graph

Page history last edited by Béatrice H. Alves 11 years, 6 months ago



4. As you can see from this graph…






4.1  Talking about graphs














First, let me quickly explain ….

You can see that …

They are listed across the bottom.

This segment indicates…



On the left –in the center – on the right

Across the top – across the bottom

Down the left / right side of the slide

In the upper right-hand corner

In the bottom left-hand corner

In context

  • First, let me quickly explain the graph where you will see the evolution of tracking systems.
  • Here you can compare this year and last year.
  • If you look at the bar chart on the left, you will see our spending on research for the last decade.
  • Let’s now look at the next slide which shows the ups and downs in electricity demand.
  • Now I’d like you to observe on this graph how the number of accidents has decreased.
  • The key in the bottom left-hand corner shows you which color represents which method.
  • The percentages by region are clearly shown here.
  • The vertical axis shows us lubricant supply.
  • You can see that different colors have been used to indicate different drilling methods.



§         Profits rose steadily in the last quarter.

§         Propane level was at its lowest in August.

§         Sales in Germany slumped suddenly in February.

§         The figure is very high this year, and is going to be next year too.

§         The horizontal axis represents the last 12 months.

§         The production output reached a peak in October.

§         The turnover for the year was disappointing.

§         We can see that the situation is different.

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4.2  Talking about trends













… increased (slightly)..

… fell / declined (sharply)

… have risen (steadily)

… went up (significantly)

There was a sudden increase in…

We saw a moderate fall…

This was followed by a gradual decline.

There was a sharp slump in sales.

… have started picking up.

The trend so far has been….

Climb – double – expand – go up – grow –

increase – pick up – reach a high – recover - rise

Decline – decrease – drop – fall – go down –

hit a low – plunge


Fluctuate – remain stable
– stabilize – stay the same



This presentation[1] could clear many of your doubts.

Graphs & Trends.ppt


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4.2.1  Upward trends


in context

§         As far as the warehouse is concerned, the trend has also been quite positive.

§         Overall results improved by 25% in the department.

§         Prices shot up dramatically.


§         Production went up slightly last year.

§         Sales increased steadily in March.

§         The trend so far has been positive

§         There was a substantial recovery in stocks last quarter.

§         Turnover rose sharply last month.

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4.2.2  Downward trends


in context

§         Productivity decreased by 5.5% after the closure of the East plant.

§         Recruitment fell sharply owing to low profit margins.

§         Salaries went down slightly as a result of the law.

§         The trend so far has been negative

§         There was a sudden drop in exports.


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4.2.3  Even trends

in context


§         Sales remained stable.

§         Profits remained unchanged.

§         These figures are exactly the same.

§         There is little or no difference since last year.

§         The numbers are more or less the same.

§         Turnover last year was the same, give or take 2%.


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Have you noticed that, when describing trends – from the past to nowadays – we use the Present Perfect

When describing past events – somewhere in the past and it’s over – we use the Simple Past.

For more on the Past tenses, see the Grammar Study guide


  1. "borrowed" to http://www.admc.hct.ac.ae/hd1/english/graphs/DescribingGraphsscrambled.ppt

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